Information Management


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There are 410 entries in the glossary.
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Term Definition
A0Printers. A0 - International paper size 841mm x 1189mm
 
A1Printers. A1 - International paper size 594 mm x 841 mm
 
A2Printers. A2 - International paper size 4201mm x 594mm
 
A3Printers. A3 - International paper size 297 mm x 420 mm
 
A5Printers. A5 - International paper size 148 mm x 210 mm
 
A6Printers. A6 International paper size 105 mm x 48 mm
 
A8Printers. A8 - International paper size 53 mm x 74 mm
 
AblativeOptical. Method of optical recording where holes are made in the optical media.
 
AccessTerms and conditions of granting permission to use archives and collections in a repository; access may be restricted in some instances because of confidentiality, the fragile state of the documents or statutory requirements e.g. Public Records Acts.
 
Access ControlThe service, which protects information through the control of authorisations of individuals for knowledge or rights of manipulation. Restrictions placed on user's access rights to systems, applications, and directories are examples of Access Control.
 
Access TimeStorage products. The time required by the read/write head to reach the right position on the disk, i.e. the time required for access to specific data. Access time equals latency plus positioning time.
 
AccessionA group of records taken into a repository from the same source at the same time; the process of taking in such material.
 
Acquisitions/collecting policyThe official statement issued by a repository identifying the types of archival material it will collect or acquire and the terms and conditions under which it will do so.
 
ActuatorStorage products. Head positioning assembly consisting of a voice coil motor and head arms to position the read/write head and servo head over disk tracks.
 
Additive PrimariesScanners. Red, green, and blue light that, together, produce white light. These are the primary colours of light from which all other colours can be made.
 
AdsorptionStorage products. When a hard disk drive is left unused for a long period of time, the head may stick to the disk so the spindle motor does not start. This state is called adsorption. Adsorption is likely to occur when the HDD is exposed to humidity in excess of the limit specified in the device specifications for a long time.
 
AliasingScanners. Visibly jagged steps along angled lines or object edges, due to sharp tonal contrasts between pixels.
 
Alpha ChannelScanners. An 8-bit channel reserved by some image-processing applications for masking or additional colour information.
 
AMSAccession Management System. A system to manage the accessions process.
 
Analogue (Analog)General computing. Analogue refers to the representation of data by a continuously changing physical state, such as intensity, frequency, or voltage.
 
Anamorphic SizingScanners. Unequal scale change in the horizontal and vertical direction of a scanner. This enables the scanner to adjust the ratio in the horizontal and vertical direction
 
APIAbbreviation of Application Program Interface, a set of routines, protocols, and tools for building software applications. A good API makes it easier to develop a program by providing all the building blocks. A programmer puts the blocks together. Most operating environments, such as MS-Windows, provide an API so that programmers can write applications consistent with the operating environment. Although APIs are designed for programmers, they are ultimately good for users because they guarantee that all programs using a common API will have similar interfaces. This makes it easier for users to learn new programs.
 
Appraisal - ArchivesThe selection of records for permanent preservation as archives by analysing their value or potential value as archival material.
 
Appraisal - Records ManagementAssigning a value to records that help to decide how long they should be retained.
 
Archival valueThe value, evidential and/or informational, which justifies the permanent retention of records as archives.
 
ArchiveThe whole body of records of continuing value of an organisation or individual. Sometimes called 'corporate memory'. The term is also used to mean a place where inactive records of continuing value are kept and preserved for legal, historical or research purposes.
 
ArrangementThe organisation of archival material according to archival principles of provenance and original order, where the latter does not exist the archivist will devise an arrangement based on the perceived inter-relationship of the documents.
 
Artificial IntelligenceA broad term describing the field of developing computer programmes to simulate human thought processes and behaviours.
 
ATAComputer interfaces. Originally developed as IDE interface, this interface became known under various names. e.g. AT-Bus interface, PC-AT interface, Task File interface.
 
Audit TrailThe deliberate and systematic generation of recorded evidence of business activities for present and future accountability.
 
AuthenticationThe process of establishing the legitimacy of a given user.
 
AuthenticityAuthenticity is the representation of a document, completely and entirely in accordance with the original recording and the function that it was intended to fulfill.
 
Automatic IndexingIndexing without any human input, whereby the computer selects terms to represent the document using statistical algorithms and powerful software.
 
AvailabilityThe service that protects the individual from accidental or deliberate denial of access to information and other services. System redundancy is an example of the Availability security service.
 


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Glossary V1.8
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