Information Management


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There are 410 entries in the glossary.
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Term Definition
St506/412 InterfaceComputer interfaces. This interface is an advancement of the floppy interface developed by Shugart. This standard interface for hard disks allows transfer rates of up to 5Mbits/second.
 
StandardA document defining the criteria to be used for a particular operation, e.g. coding.
 
Standard ProcedureA detailed written description of a specific task; it is mandatory that the procedures described are followed. Standard Procedures are equivalent to Standard Operating Procedures required by Good Laboratory Practice regulations.
 
Start/Stop Unit CommandStorage products. A SCSI device level 6 byte command for stopping or starting the platter spindle motor. Regardless of how any hardware settings have been configured the drive will respond to this command.
 
Stepper MotorStorage products. Type of drive for head movement with low-cost hard disk drives.
 
StorageThe function of storing records for future retrieval and use.
 
StructureThe structure of a document is understood to mean the logical structure of that document. In the XML format, this structure is described with a DTD or XML schema. Distinctive elements are, for example: address, subject, contents, signature.
 
Subtractive PrimariesPrinters / Scanners. The inks (cyan, magenta, and yellow) used in printing to create different colours. In contrast to additive primaries, these produce darker colours when combined. Another term for primary colourants.
 
SurrogateA copy of a record.
 
SVGScalable Vector Graphics is the description of an image as an application of the Extensible Markup Language (XML). Any program such as a Web browser that recognizes XML can display the image using the information provided in the SVG format.
 
SystemA group of interacting, interrelated, or interdependent elements forming a complex whole. A network of related computer software, hardware, and data transmission devices.
 
TargStorage products Target : SCSI term that describes any device that performs I/O initiated by an initiator (INIT).
 
TaxonomyA hierarchical structure used for categorising a body of information or knowledge, allowing an understanding of how that body of knowledge can be broken down into parts, and how its various parts relate to each other. Taxonomies are used to organise information in systems, therefore helping users to find it.
 
TCFPrinters. Totally Chlorine Free. Method of paper production avoiding use of Chlorine.
 
TCP/IPNetworking. Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol. TCP/IP is a suite of protocols including TCP, IP, FTP and ICMP. TCP/IP is fast becoming the de-facto standard throughout the world and is the protocol suite used on the Internet.
 
Terabyte
One Terabyte = 1,000,000,000,000 bytes (digital)

                       = 1,099,511,627,766 bytes (binary)

 
TeraflopThe ability of a system to compute one trillion floating point operations in one second.
 
Test Case SpecificationA detail of the specific data that is necessary to run tests based on the conditions identified in the previous stage.
 
Test Design SpecificationA detail of the test conditions and the expected outcome. This document also includes details of how a successful test will be recognised.
 
Test Incident ReportA detail of the actual versus expected results of a test, when a test has failed, and anything indicating why the test failed.
 
Test Item Transmittal ReportA detail of when specific tested items have been passed from one stage of testing to another.
 
Test LogA detail of what tests cases were run, who ran the tests, in what order they were run, and whether or not individual tests were passed or failed.
 
Test PlanA detail of how the test will proceed, who will do the testing, what will be tested, in how much time the test will take place, and to what quality level the test will be performed.
 
Test Procedure SpecificationA detail of how the tester will physically run the test, the physical set-up required, and the procedure steps that need to be followed.
 
Test Summary ReportA detail of all the important information to come out of the testing procedure, including an assessment of how well the testing was performed, an assessment of the quality of the system, any incidents that occurred, and a record of what testing was done and how long it took to be used in future test planning. This final document is used to determine if the software being tested is viable enough to proceed to the next stage of development.
 
ThesaurusAn alphabetical list of allowed and non-allowed terms, usually with cross reference to link the non-allowed and allowed terms and to suggest suitable related allowed terms. Also referred to as a Controlled Vocabulary. In records management a thesaurus is a classification tool used in file titling.
 
Thin Film HeadStorage products. Thin film heads are created using vacuum deposition, photolithographic and other similar techniques used in semiconductor wafer processing, to achieve highly controllable dimensions and characteristics. Through this process, the coil winding is deposited on a ceramic base, creating extremely small heads with equally small and precise gaps between the pole pieces of the magnetic recording material. Thin film heads perform best at lower flying heights, achieving higher areal densities and faster data transfer rates.
 
ThresholdingScanners. The process of rendering all areas darker than a certain value as black, and all lighter areas as white. Used to convert greyscale images to black and white.
 
TPIStorage products. Tracks Per Inch.
 
TrackStorage products. 1. (ISO) The path, or one of the sets of paths, on a data medium associated with a single reading or writing component as the data medium moves past the component. 2. For an optical disk, a 360 degree segment of the path which is to be followed by the read beam during reading or the write beam during writing.
 
Tracking SystemThe automated or manual system which maintains information on where a hardcopy document/file is at any one time, whether it is with a particular user, on the shelves, or in secondary storage.
 
TWAINScanners. A multi vendor industry standard for software that controls optical input devices such as scanners, film recorders and video capture interface cards. Application programs that support Twain allow optical input devices to be controlled from inside the application. The specification is controlled by the TWAIN working group
 
UnicodeA universal encoding scheme for characters and text. The goal of unicode is to enable the use of all characters for all languages of the world. Unicode supports a 16-bit character code for a possible 65,000 characters, as well as an extension of the 16-bit code called UTF-16 that allows for over one million characters and is sufficient for all known encoding requirements, including all known past and present written language characters in the world. Contrast that to the 8-bit 256 character limit of ASCII. Unicode is the default encoding of HTML and XML.
 
Universal Naming Convention (UNC)The name given for the naming used when one specifies: \\the server\the volume\the path\then the file name of a file. So, a UNC filename would look like this: \\Myserver\Docdrive\Magazine\glossary.doc.
 
URL (Uniform Resource Locator)Short strings that identify resources in the web, e.g. documents, images, downloadable files, services, electronic mailboxes and other resources. They make resources available under a variety of naming schemes and access methods such as http, ftp and internet mail, addressable in the same simple way.
 
User GuideA document that describes how to use a system.
 
User PermissionsPrivileges allocated to employees of determining the extent of access to records and authority to author/originate, add, alter and dispose of records in a record keeping system.
 
UsersIndividuals or groups of people who view, create, or modify information. Users include those who employ or manage information systems. Users may be employees, vendors, consultants, or temporary employees.
 
UTP Cable CategoriesNetworking. EIA/TIA568 UTP cable categories. Category Max data rate Notes 1 None Used on older telephone systems 2 4Mbps 3 10Mbps Minimum required by data networks but no upgrade path 4 16Mbps 5 100Mbps Used on most new installations, good upgrade path
 
Vector GraphicsThis is the expression of an image using mathematical statements rather than bit-pattern description.
 
Version ControlVersion control systems keep track of multiple versions of a document or record, tracking each variant or revision.
 
View/AnnotateManage the viewing of documents in their native formats, as well as renditions in other formats. Provide markup capabilities in both client/server and browser viewing.
 
Vital RecordsThose records, regardless of medium, which are essential to the organisation in order to continue with its business-crucial functions both during and after a disaster. They need not be permanent, might be active or inactive, originals or copies.
 
Vulnerability TestingMethods, both manual and automated, which are used to test a system's weaknesses to attack from any point of entry.
 
WAIThe Web Accessibility Initiative of the World Wide Web consortium. http://www.w3c.org/WAI/
 
Website Edition ManagementSupport ids provided for website configuration management. Version histories of entire websites may be maintained. Capabilities are provided to automatically roll a site back to a previous version.
 
White HatA hacker with benign intentions. For example, if a hacker encounters a security hole and the first thing he or she does is explain the problem to the people who run the system that allows the security hole--without letting the knowledge out publicly--that hacker would be described as a white hat hacker. This term comes from old cowboy movies where the good guy wore a white hat.
 
Wildcard SearchingUsing a character like * for more than one letter and an @ for a single letter within or at the beginning/end of a word when one is searching an automated system and the user is not sure of its exact spelling, or needs to locate all words with the same root.
 
WinchesterStorage products. Winchester was the code name for IBM's project of developing a completely new kind of disk drive (in the early '70s). The typical feature of this technology is a permanently hermetically enclosed disk head area.
 
Windows Explorer IntegrationContent repository, and all functionality, can be accessed from the Windows desktop.
 


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Glossary V1.8
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